Acute Spinal Cord Injury Online Resource Center

 

How the Spinal Cord Works

This tutorial is designed as an introduction for the lay person to acute spinal cord injury and repair. It includes information on what happens to the spinal cord as a result of traumatic injury and some of the latest developments in the search for effective treatments.

Cells of the Central Nervous System
Neurons

Neurons
Cells called neurons connect with one another to send and receive messages in the brain and spinal cord. more...

Astrocytes

Astrocytes
A kind of glial cell, are the primary support cells of the brain and spinal cord. more...

Microglia

Microglia
Immune cells for the brain. more...

Oligodendrocytes

Oligodendrocytes
Glial cells that produce a fatty substance called myelin which wraps around axons in layers. more...

   
How We Control Movement and Sense the World
Synapses and Neurotransmission

Synapses and Neurotransmission
Messages are passed from neuron to neuron through synapses, small gaps between the cells, with the help of chemicals called neurotransmitters. more...

What Causes Paralysis?

What Causes Paralysis?
There is a logical and physical topographical organization to the anatomy of the central nervous system, which is an elaborate web of closely connected neural pathways. more...

The Information Pathways

The Information Pathways
Specialized neurons carry messages from the skin, muscles, joints, and internal organs to the spinal cord about pain, temperature, touch, vibration, and proprioception. more...

Voluntary and Involuntrry Movement

Voluntary and Involuntary Movement
Over one million axons travel through the spinal cord, including the longest axons in the central nervous system. more...

The Spinal Cord and Muscles Working Together

The Spinal Cord and Muscles Working Together
The spinal cord is divided into five sections: the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal regions. more...

The Spinal Cord and Internal Organs Working Together

The Spinal Cord and Internal Organs Working Together
In addition to the control of voluntary movement, the central nervous system contains the sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways that control the "fight or flight" response to danger and regulation of bodily functions. more...

   
The Major Challenges Facing Spinal Cord Research
What Happens Following a Spinal Cord Injury

What Happens Following a Spinal Cord Injury
A common set of biological events take place following spinal cord injury. more...

Intervention Strategies

Intervention Strategies
Research points to a multiplicity of possible interventions to promote recovery from a spinal injury. more...

 
 
Medical Disclaimer
The information contained in this website is presented for educational purposes only. It may not be appropriate for all levels of injury. Nothing contained here should be construed nor is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider. Always consult with your physician or other qualified health care provider before embarking on a new treatment, diet, or fitness program. You should never disregard medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read here.

Reeve Foundation Paralysis Resource Center Information Specialists
Reachable business weekdays, Monday through Friday, toll-free at 800-539-7309 from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Eastern U.S. Time. International callers use 973-467-8270.

Site developed with an educational grant from Acorda Therapeutics, Inc. Acorda does not contribute to the content of this site.

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